The Longitudinal Associations Between Discrimination, Depressive Symptoms, and Prosocial Behaviors in U.S. Latino/a Recent Immigrant Adolescents

Alexandra N. Davis, Gustavo Carlo, Seth J. Schwartz, Jennifer B. Unger, Byron L. Zamboanga, Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco, Miguel Ángel Cano, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Assaf Oshri, Cara Streit, Miriam M. Martinez, Brandy Piña-Watson, Karina Lizzi, Daniel Soto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The links between discrimination and adjustment in U.S. Latino/a immigrant adolescents is an important but understudied phenomenon. We aimed to investigate the longitudinal associations (across 1 year) among discrimination, prosocial behaviors, and depressive symptoms in U.S. Latino immigrant adolescents using two competing models: associations between discrimination and prosocial behaviors via depressive symptoms (mental health strain model), and associations between discrimination and depressive symptoms via prosocial behaviors (prosociality strain model). Participants were 302 Latino/a recent immigrant adolescents (53.3 % boys, M age = 14.51 years at Time 1, SD = .88 years) who completed measures of discrimination, depressive symptoms, and prosocial behaviors at 6-month intervals. The results provided support for both proposed models. The discussion examines the importance of prosocial behaviors in understanding adjustment and effects of discrimination among recently immigrated U.S. Latino adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-470
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Depressive symptoms
  • Discrimination
  • Prosocial behaviors
  • U.S. Latina/o youth

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    Davis, A. N., Carlo, G., Schwartz, S. J., Unger, J. B., Zamboanga, B. L., Lorenzo-Blanco, E. I., Cano, M. Á., Baezconde-Garbanati, L., Oshri, A., Streit, C., Martinez, M. M., Piña-Watson, B., Lizzi, K., & Soto, D. (2016). The Longitudinal Associations Between Discrimination, Depressive Symptoms, and Prosocial Behaviors in U.S. Latino/a Recent Immigrant Adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(3), 457-470. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0394-x