The Influence of Visibility on Medical Teamwork in Emergency Departments: A Mixed-Methods Study

Arsalan Gharaveis, Debajyoti Pati, D. Kirk Hamilton, Mardelle Shepley, Susan Rodiek, Mohammad Najarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Aim: This mixed-methods study delivers empirical evidence on the influence of visibility on healthcare teamwork in Emergency Departments (EDs). This study researchers hypothesized that with changes of visibility in EDs, teamwork among medical staff members will be impacted. Background: Prior research results suggest that visibility can influence health-setting efficacy. Teamwork is one of the components of each healthcare system that can be supported by environmental design. Method: Visibility in four subject sites from the same healthcare system was objectively measured by morphology plan analyses. Teamwork among medical staff members was the behavioral variable of interest and explored through field observations, interviews, and surveys. Results: The qualitative outcomes demonstrated that teamwork can be enhanced by improved visibility, while the quantitative findings supported the idea that some specific measures of visibility were correlated with teamwork. Conclusion: This study provides a model for future research on the association between healthcare staff behavior and ED plan configuration. The enhancement of ED design, considering the significance of visibility, enhances the perceptions of nurses and physicians in terms of teamwork.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-233
Number of pages16
JournalHealth Environments Research and Design Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • communication
  • emergency department
  • medical staff
  • morphology analysis
  • teamwork
  • visibility


Dive into the research topics of 'The Influence of Visibility on Medical Teamwork in Emergency Departments: A Mixed-Methods Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this