The influence of aluminum passivation on the reaction mechanism: Flame propagation studies

Birce Dikici, Steven W. Dean, Michelle L. Pantoya, Valery Levitas, R. Jason Jouet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this study, two types of nano-Al/metal oxide composites are examined. The first Al sample is passivated with Al2O3 and treated with perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acid (C13F27COOH). The second Al sample is devoid of an alumina shell and instead passivated with perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acid (C13F27COOH). The goal of this study is to understand the role of the passivation shell and associated reaction mechanism on flame propagation. Results show that when there is no alumina passivation shell encasing the Al core the flame propagation rates are reduced by two orders of magnitude. All flame propagation experiments were performed in a confined flame tube apparatus which may not be ideal for characterizing materials with significantly different ignition sensitivities. Results indicate that flame speeds measured with this apparatus are dependent on the ignition sensitivity of the mixture. Acid treated Al particles are shown to be roughly five times less ignition sensitive than the Al particles with no acid treatment; however, both particles produce roughly the same heat of combustion in thermal equilibrium measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
StatePublished - 2009
Event45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Aug 2 2009Aug 5 2009

Publication series

Name45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit

Conference

Conference45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period08/2/0908/5/09

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  • Cite this

    Dikici, B., Dean, S. W., Pantoya, M. L., Levitas, V., & Jouet, R. J. (2009). The influence of aluminum passivation on the reaction mechanism: Flame propagation studies. In 45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit).