The influence of a biofilm-dispersing wound gel on the wound healing process

Kayla Bounds, Jane A. Colmer-Hamood, Matthew Myntti, Randall M. Jeter, Abdul N. Hamood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Topical antimicrobials that reduce the bacterial bioburden within a chronically-infected wound may have helpful or harmful effects on the healing process. We used murine models of full-thickness skin wounds to determine the effects of the novel biofilm-dispersing wound gel (BDWG) and its gel base on the healing of uninfected wounds. The rate of wound closure over 19 days was comparable among the BDWG-treated (BT) wounds and the controls. Compared with the controls, histology of the BT wounds showed formation of a stable blood clot at day 1, more neovascularisation and reepithelialisation at day 3, and more organised healing at day 7. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis showed a lower percentage of neutrophils in wounded tissues of the BT group at days 1 and 3, and significantly more M2 macrophages at day 3. Levels of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines were increased over the uninjured baseline within the wounds of all treatment groups but the levels were significantly lower in the BT group at day 1, modulating the inflammatory response. Our results suggest that BDWG does not interfere with the wound healing process and may enhance it by lowering inflammation and allowing transition to the proliferative stage of wound healing by day 3.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Wound Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • cellular infiltration
  • cytokines
  • novel wound therapy
  • wound closure
  • wound healing

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