The importance of harmony: An ecological metaphor for writing research

Kristie S. Fleckenstein, Clay Spinuzzi, Rebecca J. Rickly, Carole Clark Papper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


This essay argues for the value of an ecological metaphor in conceptualizing, designing, and enacting research in writing studies. Such a metaphor conceives of activities, actors, situations, and phenomena as interdependent, diverse, and fused through feedback. This ecological orientation invites composition scholars to research rhetorically: to devise and argue for a systematic account of reality in ways that others find persuasive, useful, and widely applicable while remaining sensitive to the incompleteness and the distortions of a single account.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-419
Number of pages32
JournalCollege Composition and Communication
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2008


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