Experimental results are presented on the impact water conductivity, electrode material, and electrode surface roughness have on the dielectric strength of water. A 2 mm water gap was tested under pulsed conditions with maximum electric fields in excess of 1.5 MV/cm. Bruce profiled electrodes manufactured from various materials including Molybdenum, Aluminum, Copper, Tungsten, Nickel, Stainless Steel, and Zinc Oxide, which have work functions ranging from 4.2 eV to 5.3 eV, have been tested. The roughness average of the various surfaces was varied from 0.1 μm to 1.96 μm and the conductivity of the water within the gap was varied from 1 μS/cm to 39 μS/cm to determine the impact each has when tested in combination with the various electrode materials and surface roughnesses. Conclusions are made as to the effect each of these factors has on the holdoff strength of a water dielectric system.