The Impact of Achievement Goals on Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Does Self-efficacy Make a Difference?

Zan Gao, Ping Xiang, Marc Lochbaum, Jianmin Guan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The relationships among students’ self-efficacy, 2x2 achievement goals (mastery-approach [MAp], mastery-avoidance [MAv], performance-approach [PAp], and performance-avoidance [PAv]), and achievement performance) remain largely unanswered. This study was designed to test a model of the mediating role of self-efficacy on 2x2 achievement goals to cardiorespiratory fitness relationship. Method: A sample of 276 middle school students (115 boys and 161 girls; 91 sixth graders, 87 seventh graders, and 98 eighth graders), from 12 to 15 years (M age = 13.34, SD = .96), responded to Achievement Goals Questionnaire (Conroy et al., 2003) and Self-efficacy Questionnaire (Gao et al., 2008) referenced to the fitness test in physical education classes. Then they had their cardiorespiratory fitness assessed via the Progressive Aerobic Cardiorespiratory Endurance Run (PACER) three days later. Results: Structure Equation Modeling demonstrated an acceptable model fit to the data, χ 2 (2, N = 1
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-322
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
StatePublished - 2013

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