The Fading of Two Transient Ultraluminous X-Ray Sources to below the Stellar Mass Eddington Limit

Mark J. Burke, Ralph P Kraft, Roberto Soria, Thomas Maccarone, Nine other authors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report new detections of the two transient ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) in NGC 5128 from an ongoing series of Chandra observations. Both sources have previously been observed Lx (2-3) × ~1039 erg s–1, at the lower end of the ULX luminosity range. The new observations allow us to study these sources in the luminosity regime frequented by the Galactic black hole X-ray binaries (BH XBs). We present the recent lightcurves of both ULXs. 1RXH J132519.8-430312 (ULX1) was observed at Lx ≈ 1 × 1038 erg s–1, while CXOU J132518.2-430304 (ULX2) declined to Lx ≈ 2 × 1037 erg s–1 and then lingered at this luminosity for hundreds of days. We show that a reasonable upper limit for both duty cycles is 0.2, with a lower limit of 0.12 for ULX2. This duty cycle is larger than anticipated for transient ULXs in old stellar populations. By fitting simple spectral models in an observation with ~50 counts we recover properties consistent with Galactic BH XBs, but inconclusive as to the spectral stat
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21
JournalAstrophysical Journal
StatePublished - Sep 2013

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