The Examination of Psychological Factors and Social Norms Affecting Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem for College Students

Hyo Jung Julie Chang, Chompoonut Suttikun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise self-efficacy, weight concerns, self-fulfillment, and social norms on college students’ body satisfaction and self-esteem. Also, the study examined the relationship between body satisfaction and self-esteem. An online survey was used, and 187 college students participated in the study. The findings revealed that exercise self-efficacy positively influenced college students’ body satisfaction, while weight concerns negatively influenced college students’ body satisfaction. Exercise self-efficacy and self-fulfillment positively influenced self-esteem while social norms negatively influenced self-esteem. Exercise self-efficacy had the most significant positive effect on body satisfaction while social norms had the most significant negative effect on self-esteem. The results could help exercise facilities learn what to include in their programs to increase college students’ psychological well-being, including body satisfaction and self-esteem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-437
Number of pages16
JournalFamily and Consumer Sciences Research Journal
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • body satisfaction
  • exercise self-efficacy
  • self-esteem
  • self-fulfillment
  • subjective norms
  • weight concerns

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