The evolution of material properties during physical aging

Gregory B. McKenna, Yves Leterrier, Carl R. Schultheisz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


Aging experiments using the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) torsional dilatometer have been performed in which the temperature of an isothermally equilibrated epoxy glass was abruptly changed to a new temperature T0 and the evolution of the volume and torsional relaxation responses recorded. The results of down‐jump and up‐jump experiments were found to differ dramatically. Not only is the normal asymmetry of volume approach to equilibrium found, but the mechanical responses are found to evolve differently from the volume response, contrary to simple free volume models of the physical aging process. It is found that the torsional modulus changes with increasing time after the T‐jump. In the case of the down‐jump the evolution of the modulus ceases prior to that of the volume of the sample. In the up‐jump experiment, the contrary is true, viz., the modulus continues to evolve after the volume has attained its equilibrium value. The implications of this for the description of material behavior are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-410
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1995


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