The effects of movement, relaxation, and education on the stress levels of women with subclinical levels of bulimia

Jacalyn J.Robert McComb, James R. Clopton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a multidisciplinary intervention program on the attitudes and symptoms associated with bulimia nervosa (BN). The Bulimia Test (BULIT) and subscales from the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2) associated with BN were administered to 373 females to determine eligibility for participation in the study. In order to qualify for the study, participants had to be female, not be anorexic, and meet one of four criteria indicating that they had some of the symptoms of BN. Following the screening, 12 females were randomly assigned to a control group (C, n = 6) or an intervention group (I, n = 6). The I group then participated in an 8-week multidisciplinary intervention program consisting of small group discussions, movement improvisation, and relaxation techniques. Dependent variables consisted of scores from standardized instruments for anxiety, self-esteem, and BN. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) on the difference score from post- to pretest was calculated for state and trait anxiety. That analysis indicated that compared to the C group, which showed no reduction in anxiety, the I group had a significant reduction in anxiety following the intervention program. No significant differences were found between groups for self-esteem or symptoms of BN. Conclusions were that anxiety levels were lowered in the I group; however, attitudes or behaviors associated with BN were not affected by the intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003

Keywords

  • Bulimia
  • Education
  • Movement therapy
  • Relaxation
  • Self-esteem
  • State-trait anxiety inventory

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