The effect of an intramuscular versus intravenous administration of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) at fixed-time AI (FTAI) on the pregnancy rates of crossbred Bos indicus beef cows was evaluated. Pluriparous nursing calv cows (n=120) were synchronized as follows: d 0 cows received a 2.0 mg injection of estradiol benzoate (EB) and insertion of a controlled intravaginal progesterone releasing device containing 0.558 g of progesterone, d 8 removal of the progesterone device , a 0.15 mg injection of prostaglandin F2α (PGF), a 1.0 mg injection of EB, and 400 IU injection of equine chorionic gonadotropin. Fifty-four hr after PGF, all cows were exposed to FTAI and a 0.084 mg injection of GnRH was administered either via Vena caudalis (n=60), or via Longissimus dorsi (n=60). Cows were inseminated with the same sire and by a single AI technician. Pregnancy was determined by the transrectal ultrasonography on d 40 after AI. Cows receiving the intravenous administration of GnRH had higher (P = 0.04) pregnancy rates than the cows receiving the intramuscular injection of GnRH (65 vs 46.6%, respectively). It was concluded that the intravenous administration of GnRH at the time of AI improved the pregnancy rates of crossbred Bos indicus beef cows submitted to FTAI.
- Fixed-time artificial insemination
- Gonadotropin releasing hormone
- Intravenous intramuscular administration