The effect of heating rate on the reaction kinetics of nanoscale aluminothermic reaction

Michelle Pantoya, John J. Granier, Ashish Rai, K. Park, Michael Zachariah

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Recent experiments have shown that the heating rate can strongly influence the reaction behavior of nanocomposite thermite reactions. For heating rates up to 40 degrees/min, experimental results from thermal analysis using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Thermal Gravametric Analysis (DSC/TGA) will be presented comparing nano and micron-scale aluminum particles mixed with crystalline nano-MoO3. For heating rates in excess of 1000 degrees/sec, we use single particle mass spectrometry to characterize the extent of oxidation. Results show that reaction characteristics such as ignition temperature (onset temperature), peak temperature, reaction duration and heat of reaction values vary as a function of heating rate. Experiments were also conducted with time-constant temperature programs to evaluate reaction momentum and isothermal temperature effects on reaction behavior. Data suggests that the diffusion controlled thermite reaction is heavily dependent on the thermal energy source and the rate of thermal heating to ignition. A conceptual model of the various reaction regimes will be presented.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
StatePublished - 2005
Event05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: Oct 30 2005Nov 4 2005


Conference05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH


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