The Development of the Hope and Coping in Recovery Measure (HCRM)

Sterling T. Shumway, John B. Dakin, Sara A. Smock Jordan, Thomas G. Kimball, Kitty S. Harris, Spencer D. Bradshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


A large body of research exists on the causes, effects/consequences, and treatment of substance use disorder (SUD). However, studies on recovery from SUD, including its definition, factors, and sustainability, are lacking. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess the factors of recovery from SUD by developing and testing the Hope and Coping in Recovery Measure (HCRM). A principal components analysis revealed two distinct factors (hope and coping) to be present in the process of recovery from SUD. Implications for future research on the recovery process and the HCRM are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-293
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Groups in Addiction and Recovery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014


  • addiction
  • coping
  • hope
  • measure
  • recovery


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