The decoupling states of CO2 emissions in the Chinese transport sector from 1994 to 2012: A perspective on fuel types

Dayong Wu, Changwei Yuan, Hongchao Liu

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This paper analyzes the decoupling states between CO2 emissions and transport development in China from 1994 to 2012. The results indicate that, at the aggregate level, the Chinese transport sector is far from reaching the decoupling state. Negative decoupling or non-decoupling years account for 72.2% of the study period. At the disaggregated level, the decoupling states between CO2 emissions and eight primary fuels are as follows: raw coal and coke are in the absolute decoupling state; crude oil, gasoline and diesel are in the weak negative state; and the other three types (kerosene, heavy fuel oil, and natural gas) are in the strong negative decoupling state. Policy implications underneath the identified decoupling states are also revealed to help China build a more sustainable transportation system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-612
Number of pages22
JournalEnergy and Environment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018



  • CO emissions
  • China
  • decoupling
  • energy policy
  • sustainable transportation

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