The DEAD-box RNA helicase SHI2 functions in repression of salt-inducible genes and regulation of cold-inducible gene splicing

Bangshing Wang, Haoxi Chai, Yingli Zhong, Yun Shen, Wannian Yang, Junping Chen, Zhanguo Xin, Huazhong Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gene regulation is central for growth, development, and adaptation to environmental changes in all living organisms. Many genes are induced by environmental cues, and the expression of these inducible genes is often repressed under normal conditions. Here, we show that the SHINY2 (SHI2) gene is important for repressing salt-inducible genes and also plays a role in cold response. The shi2 mutant displayed hypersensitivity to cold, abscisic acid (ABA), and LiCl. Map-based cloning demonstrates that SHI2 encodes a DEAD-(Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) box RNA helicase with similarity to a yeast splicing factor. Transcriptomic analysis of the shi2 mutant in response to cold revealed that the shi2 mutation decreased the number of cold-responsive genes and the magnitude of their response, and resulted in the mis-splicing of some cold-responsive genes. Under salt stress, however, the shi2 mutation increased the number of salt-responsive genes but had a negligible effect on mRNA splicing. Our results suggest that SHI2 is a component in a ready-for-transcription repressor complex important for gene repression under normal conditions, and for gene activation and transcription under stress conditions. In addition, SHI2 also serves as a splicing factor required for proper splicing of cold-responsive genes and affects 5' capping and polyadenylation site selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1598-1613
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2020

Keywords

  • 5' Capping
  • DEAD-box RNA helicase
  • SHI2
  • cold stress
  • gene repression
  • inducible gene
  • mRNA splicing
  • polyadenylation
  • salt stress

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