The craze initiation response of a polystyrene and a styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer during physical aging

Gloria M. Gusler, Gregory B. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of structural recovery or physical aging on the craze initiation of amorphous polystyrene and a styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer has been examined in two states of stress/deformation and at different temperatures. Studies of craze initiation in equibiaxial creep were performed using a "bubble" inflation test geometry while uniaxial elongation in stress relaxation conditions was studied by bending the specimen over a variable radius of a curvature test jig. All tests were performed by aging the specimen and testing it at the same temperature subsequent to a quench from above the glass transition to below it. The results are compared with expectations from three craze models: Sternstein and Ongchin (1), Argon (2), and Kambour (3). The results are most consistent with the model of Kambour, but discrepancies arise because, e.g., the impact of aging on the stress for crazing in the equibiaxial tests is different for the polystyrene than for the styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer. The results also suggest that there are two regimes of behavior for craze initiation under equibiaxial stresses, a behavior not manifested in the uniaxial stress relaxation experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1442-1448
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

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