The contribution of buckwheat genetic resources to health and dietary diversity

Oksana Sytar, Marian Brestic, Marek Zivcak, Lam Son Phan Tran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite several reports on the beneficial effects of buckwheat in prevention of human diseases, little attention has been devoted to the variability of biochemical and physiological traits in different buckwheat genetic resources. This review describes the biochemical evaluation of buckwheat genetic resources and the identification of elite genotypes for plant breeding and exploitation. The various types of bioactive compounds present in different varieties provide basic background information needed for the efficient production of buckwheat foods with added value. In this review, we will provide an integrated view of the biochemistry of bioactive compounds of buckwheat plants of different origin, especially of fagopyrin, proteins and amino acids, as well as of other phenolic compounds including rutin and chlorogenic acid. In addition to the genetic background, the effect of different growth conditions is discussed. The health effects of fagopyrin, phenolic acids, specific proteins and rutin are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalCurrent Genomics
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Aminoacids
  • Buckwheat
  • Chlorogenic acid
  • Fagopyrin
  • Gluten
  • Phenolic acid
  • Phenols
  • Protein
  • Rutin

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