The characteristics investigation under the unsteady cavitation condition in a centrifugal pump

Jiaxing Lu, Shouqi Yuan, Parameswaran Siva, Jianping Yuan, Xudong Ren, Banglun Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerical simulation and experimental method are combined to investigate the pump inlet and outlet pressure fluctuations, the vibration characteristics and the internal flow instabilities under the unsteady cavitation condition in a centrifugal pump. It is found that the unsteady cavitation starts to generate as the NPSHa is lower than 5.93 m. Apparent asymmetric and uneven cavity volume distribution on each blade and in the impeller can be observed as the NPSHa decreases from 4.39 m to 1.44 m, which includes the cavitation develops from cavitation surge, rotating cavitation to asymmetric cavitation. The flow vortexes in each blade channel are produced in the cavity trailing edges by the shedding and collapse of cavitation, which interfere with each other and aggravate the flow instabilities. The dominant frequencies of the pump inlet and outlet pressure fluctuations are the shaft frequency and blade passing frequency under the unsteady cavitation conditions, respectively. Broadband pulses are obtained from both the pump inlet and outlet pressure pulsations, which results from the random shedding and collapse of unsteady cavitation bubbles. Obvious corresponding relationship between the root mean squares of the vibration measured in different positions and the suction performance curve is found under both the non-cavitation and unsteady cavitation conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1222
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Centrifugal pump
  • Experiment
  • Pressure pulsations
  • Unsteady cavitation
  • Vibration

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