The effects of laser heating on surface properties of magnetic recording media were systematically investigated through novel experiments and analytical simulations. When controlled laser pulses were applied onto the surface of a perpendicular magnetic recording (PMR) media, the measured values of surface roughness, surface free energy, and surface adhesive force were significantly increased with the number of the applied laser pulses. The heat transfer modeling and simulation was performed to evaluate the change in surface temperature of PMR media by the pulsed laser. The resulting temperature was not high enough to affect the carbon film and the underlying magnetic materials, but it could change the properties of the molecularly thin lubricant film on the media surface. Based on the thermal stability of the perfluoropolyether lubricant, it was found that the change of surface properties in experiments could be attributed to the thermal degradation of the lubricant through desorption process.
- Heat-assisted magnetic recording
- Lubricant degradation
- Surface energy
- Surface roughness