The catalytic transition state in ATP synthase

Alan E. Senior, Joachim Weber, Sashi Nadanaciva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The catalytic transition state of ATP synthase has been characterized and modeled by combined use of (1) Mg-ADP-fluoroaluminate, Mg-ADP-fluoroscandium, and corresponding Mg-IDP-fluorometals as transition-state analogs: (2) fluorescence signals of β-Trp331 and β-Trp148 as optical probes to assess formation of the transition state: (3) mutations of critical catalytic residues to determine side-chain ligands required to stabilize the transition state. Rate acceleration by positive catalytic site cooperativity is explained as due to mobility of α-Arg376, acting as an "arginine finger" residue, which interacts with nucleotide specifically at the transition state step of catalysis, not with Mg-ATP- or Mg-ADP-bound ground states. We speculate that formation and collapse of the transition state may engender catalytic site α/β subunit-interface conformational movement, which is linked to γ-subunit rotation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-530
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000


  • ATP synthase
  • Catalytic transition state
  • F-ATPase
  • Oxidative phosphorylation


Dive into the research topics of 'The catalytic transition state in ATP synthase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this