The "Big Everything": Integrating and Investigating Dimensional Models of Psychopathology, Personality, Personality Pathology, and Cognitive Functioning

Andrew K. Littlefield, Sean P. Lane, Jordan A. Gette, Ashley L. Watts, Kenneth J. Sher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Common factors are increasingly used to model the structure of psychopathology ("p"), personality (General Factor of Personality [GFP]), pathological personality (General Factor of Pathological Personality [GFPP]), and intelligence ("g"). Using 4 waves spanning ages 18-29 in a cohort of college students (baseline n = 489), this study used indicators of psychopathology, personality, pathological personality, and cognitive functioning to compare models that included Cognitive Functioning, p, GFP, GFPP, and a "Big Everything" factor (which included cross-domain measures as indicators). GFP, GFPP, and p exhibited substantial overlap, and the Big Everything factor accounted for considerable variance in psychopathology, personality, and pathological personality indicators. Only a self-report measure of cognitive functioning loaded significantly onto the Big Everything. This study highlights concerns in the pursuit of identifying and reifying common factors based on the modeling of residual variances and limitations of using factor modeling to determine the structure of psychologically relevant phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPersonality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Bifactor model
  • Intelligence
  • Personality
  • Psychopathology
  • p factor

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