The association between diet quality and subclinical inflammation among children aged 6–18 years in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Wilna Oldewage-Theron, Rozanne Kruger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study aimed to investigate, for the first time, the association between diet quality (food variety and dietary diversity), intakes of anti-inflammatory nutrients and food groups, and subclinical inflammation as assessed by categories of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Cross-sectional study. Resource-poor, rural children in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. A sample size formula determined a representative sample of 235. Five schools were purposively selected and cluster sampling used to select 240 participants. Measurements included 24 h recall and dietary diversity questionnaires, anthropometric and biochemical measurements. The sample consisted of 50·4 % (n 118) girls and 49·6 % (n 116) boys. No obesity was found, but overweight was prevalent in 4·2 % of the children. The hs-CRP concentration (median (25th, 75th percentile)) of the low, medium and high risk inflammatory categories was 0·6 (0·4, 0·7), 1·6 (1·2, 2·2) and 4·2 (3·4, 6·4) mg/l, respectively. Body composit
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10 pages
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
StatePublished - Aug 3 2016

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The association between diet quality and subclinical inflammation among children aged 6–18 years in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this