The Arabidopsis polyamine transporter LHR1/PUT3 modulates heat responsive gene expression by enhancing mRNA stability

Yun Shen, Qingxia Ruan, Haoxi Chai, Yongze Yuan, Wannian Yang, Junping Chen, Zhanguo Xin, Huazhong Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Polyamines involve in gene regulation by interacting with and modulating the functions of various anionic macromolecules such as DNA, RNA and proteins. In this study, we identified an important function of the polyamine transporter LHR1 (LOWER EXPRESSION OF HEAT RESPONSIVE GENE1) in heat-inducible gene expression in Arabidopsis thaliana. The lhr1 mutant was isolated through a forward genetic screening for altered expression of the luciferase reporter gene driven by the promoter from the heat-inducible gene AtHSP18.2. The lhr1 mutant showed reduced induction of the luciferase gene in response to heat stress and was more sensitive to high temperature than the wild type. Map-based cloning identified that the LHR1 gene encodes the polyamine transporter PUT3 (POLYAMINE UPTAKE TRANSPORTER 3) localized in the plasma membrane. The LHR1/PUT3 is required for the uptake of extracellular polyamines and plays an important role in stabilizing the mRNAs of several crucial heat stress responsive genes under high temperature. Genome-wide gene expression analysis using RNA-seq identified an array of differentially expressed genes, among which the transcript levels of some of the heat shock protein genes significantly reduced in response to prolonged heat stress in the lhr1 mutant. Our findings revealed an important heat stress response and tolerance mechanism involving polyamine influx which modulates mRNA stability of heat-inducible genes under heat stress conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1021
Number of pages16
JournalPlant Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • PUT3
  • gene regulation
  • heat stress
  • mRNA stability
  • polyamine transport
  • polyamines


Dive into the research topics of 'The Arabidopsis polyamine transporter LHR1/PUT3 modulates heat responsive gene expression by enhancing mRNA stability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this