The accuracy of behavioral intention versus behavioral expectation for predicting behavioral goals

Paul R. Warshaw, Fred D. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Researchers have largely overlooked the distinction between behavioral intention and behavioral expectation as predictors of one's own behavior. Moreover, the distinction between purely volitional behavior and behavioral goals, the latter of which may be impeded by such nonvolitional factors as lack of ability, lack of opportunity, habit, and environmental impediments, has also been blurred in the literature. Behavioral expectation is theorized to be based on a cognitive appraisal of one's behavioral intention and all other behavioral determinants of which one is aware. The present study argues and gives evidence that, although behavioral expectation and behavioral intention may have similar predictive accuracy for volitional behaviors, behavioral expectation is adequate, but behavioral intention may be inadequate for prediction of the accomplishment of behavioral goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-602
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
Volume119
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1985

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