Tectonic setting of late Archean bimodel volcanism in the Michipicoten ( Wawa) greenstone belt, Ontario ( Canada).

P. J. Sylvester, K. Attoh, K. J. Schulz

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The tectono-stratigraphic relationships, depositional environments, rock associations, and major- and trace-element compositions of the late Archean (2744-2696 Ma) bimodal basalt-rhyolite volcanic rocks of the Michipicoten (Wawa) greenstone belt, Ontario, are compatible with an origin along a convergent plate margin that varied laterally from an immature island arc built on oceanic crust to a more mature arc underlain by continental crust. This environment is similar to that of the Cenozoic Taupo-Kermadec-Tonga volcanic zone. The compositional similarity between the lower (2744 Ma) and upper (2696 Ma) volcanic sequences of the belt suggests that this island- and continental-arc configuration existed for at least 45 Ma. The Michipicoten belt may be a remnant of a larger, laterally heterogeneous volcanic terrane that also included the Abitibi greenstone belt.-from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1120-1134
Number of pages15
JournalCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

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