Synthesis of palladium nanoparticles on organically modified silica: Application to design of a solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor for highly sensitive determination of imipramine

Afsaneh Safavi, Alireza Banazadeh, Fatemeh Sedaghati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Organically modified silica substrate containing amine and vinyl functional groups were used for reduction and stabilization of palladium nanoparticles. Uniform spherical nanoparticles of palladium with average diameter of 10nm were formed on silica substrate by direct contact of the substrate with an aqueous solution of palladium precursor, without the addition of any chemical reducer. Moreover, a sensitive and selective solid state electrochemiluminescence sensor was fabricated for the determination of imipramine, based on Ru(bpy)32+-palladium nanoparticles doped carbon ionic liquid electrode. In this process, imipramine acts as a co-reactant for Ru(bpy)32+. It is believed that the enhancement of the electrochemiluminescence signal in the presence of palladium nanoparticles in the composite is due to palladium catalytic effect on electrochemical and also chemical process involved in formation of Ru(byp)32+*. In addition, the results confirmed that, the rigid composite electrode shows the characteristic of microelectrode arrays. The proposed method was applied to the determination of imipramine in tablets and urine samples. The electrochemiluminescence intensity showed good linearity with the imipramine concentration from 1-100pM, with a detection limit of 0.1pM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume796
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 24 2013

Keywords

  • Determination
  • Electrochemiluminescence
  • Imipramine
  • Organically modified silica
  • Palladium nanoparticles
  • Sensor

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