Surface chemistry effects on the reactivity and properties of nanoconfined bisphenol M dicyanate ester in controlled pore glass

Qingxiu Li, Sindee L. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanoconfinement has been found to have significant effect on the glass transition behavior of low molecular weight and polymeric glass formers. Here, we investigate the influence of nanoconfinement on the cure kinetics and glass transition temperature of a bisphenol M dicyanate ester/polycyanurate material as a function of surface chemistry and nanoconfinement size in native and silanized controlled pore glasses (CPGs). The glass transition temperature and conversion as a function of cure time are examined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The native CPG surface accelerates the cure of bisphenol M dicyanate to a larger extent compared to the silanized hydrophobic CPG presumably because of the catalytic nature of hydroxyl groups on the CPG wall. Two T gs are observed for both monomer and polycyanurates confined in the native CPGs. The primary T g of the "fully cured" polycyanurate is depressed by 60 K at 11.5 nm, and the secondary T g is 10-33 K above the primary T g; the values are similar to those found previously in silanized CPGs. The length scale associated with the secondary T g is ∼0.90 nm assuming that the secondary T g reflects the material at the CPG wall surface. Based on the measurements of T g, the total heat capacity change at T g, and the sol content, all as a function of conversion, the network structure does not change upon nanoconfinement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3573-3579
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 26 2009

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