Summary and Conclusion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter summarizes the main findings and claims made in this book and discusses their implications for the syntax and semantics of N modifiers and the theory of Universal Grammar. It also shows how the proposed analysis enhances our understanding of what role each type of N modifier may play in an article-less, prenominal modifier, and classifier language. We will see that while Korean-type languages and English-type ones differ from each other, at the macro-level, they are more similar than dissimilar in that, in both types of languages, N modifiers occur in the order of ‘Identificational > Speaker-oriented’. Given this and other findings reported in this book, we conclude that it is possible to capture cross-linguistic variation on N modifiers by assuming a universal DP structure if one is cognizant of the fact that surface syntax is influenced by discourse structure and prosody, which in turn reflects the way humans package and process information using language.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStudies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NameStudies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory
ISSN (Print)0924-4670
ISSN (Electronic)2215-0358


  • DP-external versus DP-internal
  • Gradience
  • Linguistic typology
  • N modifiers
  • Output filter
  • Universal grammar


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