Successful treatment of suckling Red Angus calves for bovine respiratory disease is not associated with increased mean pulmonary arterial pressures at weaning

Joseph M. Neary, Dee Church, Nathan Reeves, Ryan J. Rathmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to determine if the successful treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in suckling calves was associated with a long-term increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and, to screen for associations between blood leukogram variables and mPAP. A cohort of Red Angus calves (n = 74) were followed from birth to weaning at an altitude of 975 m. Calves were weaned at 172 ± 14 d when their mPAP was measured and whole blood collected. Thirty calves that had been treated for BRD (34 to 45 d prior) and 30 calves that had not required treatment for BRD were sampled. Treatment for BRD had no effect on mPAP (P = 0.37). Mean mPAP was 48 ± 8 mm Hg (± SD) with a minimum of 34 mm Hg and a maximum at 69 mm Hg. Weaning weight and sex tended to be associated with mPAP, but they explained just 5% of the variation in mPAP (P = 0.08; Adj. r2 = 0.05). Fibrinogen (P = 0.008) and absolute lymphocyte count (P = 0.06) were negatively associated with mPAP, whereas absolute monocyte count was positively associated with mPAP (P = 0.01). The findings of this study suggest that pre-weaning treatment for BRD does not increase a calves' post-weaning risk of congestive right heart failure. Further, components of the immune and acute phase response system may play a role in the development and progression of pulmonary hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3070-3076
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume96
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • Calf
  • Heart failure
  • Inflammation
  • Leukocytes
  • Pulmonary arterial pressure
  • Respiratory disease

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