Structure, growth rates, and tangent linear accuracy of adjoint sensitivities with respect to horizontal and vertical resolution

Brian Ancell, Clifford F Mass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, the variation of adjoint sensitivities as horizontal and vertical resolutions are changed is investigated. The fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU–NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5) and its adjoint are used with consistent physics to generate adjoint sensitivities over a 24-h period. The sensitivities are generated with respect to a response function defined as the lowest sigma level perturbation pressure over a region of northwestern Oregon. It is found that the scale, magnitude, and structure of sensitivity with respect to initial temperature varies significantly as grid spacing is decreased from 216 to 24 km. As found in other adjoint studies at relatively coarse resolution, low-level, upshear-tilted, subsynoptic-scale sensitivities were apparent, with the wavelike sensitivity pattern decreasing significantly in scale and spatial extent with increased horizontal resolution. It is also found that perturbation growth ra
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2971-2988
JournalMonthly Weather Review/American Meteorological Society
StatePublished - Oct 2006

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