Structural requirements for substrate recognition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 14α-demethylase: Implications for sterol biosynthesis

Aouatef Bellamine, Anil T. Mangla, Allen L. Dennis, W. David Nes, Michael R. Waterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sterol 14α-demethylase (14DM) is a cytochrome P-450 involved in sterol biosynthesis in eukaryotes. It was reported that Mycobacterium smegmatis also makes cholesterol and that cholesterol is essential to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) infection, although the origin of the cholesterol is unknown. A protein product from MT having about 30% sequence identity with eukaryotic 14α-demethylases has been found to convert sterols to their 14-demethyl products indicating that a sterol pathway might exist in Mr. To determine the optimal sterol structure recognized by MT 14DM, binding of 28 sterol and sterol-like (triterpenoids) molecules to the purified recombinant 14α-demethylase was examined. Like eukaryotic forms, a 3β-hydroxy group and a 14α-methyl group are essential for substrate acceptability by the bacterial 14α-demethylase. The high affinity binding of 31-norcycloartenol without detectable activity indicates that the Δ8-bond is required for activity but not for binding. As for plant 14α-demethylases, 31-nor-sterols show a binding preference for MT 14DM. Similar to enzymes from mammals and yeast, a C24-alkyl group is not required for MT 14DM binding and activity, whereas it is for plant 14α-demethylases. Thus, substrate binding to MT 14DM seems to share common features with all eukaryotic 14α-demethylases, the MT form seemingly having the broadest substrate recognition of all forms of 14α-demethylase studied so far.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-136
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume42
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • P-450
  • Sterol analogs
  • Substrate binding
  • Type I binding spectrum

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Structural requirements for substrate recognition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 14α-demethylase: Implications for sterol biosynthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this