Structural phase of femtosecond-laser-melted graphite

T. Dallas, M. Holtz, H. Ahn, M. C. Downer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


We have used Raman scattering to investigate the effects of intense laser pulses on the structure of resolidified graphite. Graphite was irradiated with 0.325-3.25-J/cm2, 620-nm, 90-fs single-laser pulses causing it to melt and rapidly resolidify. Raman studies of the resolidified carbon in the crater show that the rapid annealing process (by pulses with energy fluences 0.82 J/cm2) causes a breakdown in the ordered layers of hexagonal carbon rings and disorder in the intraplanar spacing upon resolidification into a nanocrystalline material. The thickness of the nanocrystalline-graphite near-surface layer increases with increasing fluence. Residual planar structure of the resulting material is observed for the various pulse-energy values by comparing the narrow graphitic 1581-cm-1 and the broad 1360-cm-1 and 1600-cm-1 vibrational bands. The interplanar structure of our nanocrystalline graphite is also studied quantitatively via the low-frequency shear mode at 42 cm-1. The Raman spectrum of our glassy carbon is found to be well described by planar ordering approximately 2 to 3 layers in extent using a simple correlation function approach. Our results indicate a layered morphology is present in our nanocrystalline graphite, confirming a strong sp2 bonding character.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-801
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1994


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