Structural Differentiation between Layered Single (Ni) and Double Metal Hydroxides (Ni-Al LDHs) Using Wavelet Transformation

Matthew G. Siebecker, Donald L. Sparks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are anionic clays important in disciplines such as environmental chemistry, geochemistry, and materials science. Developments in signal processing of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data, such as wavelet transformation (WT), have been used to identify transition metals and Al present in the hydroxide sheets of LDHs. The WT plots of LDHs should be distinct from those of isostructural single metal hydroxides. However, no direct comparison of these minerals appears in the literature using WT. This work systematically analyzes a suite of Ni-rich mineral standards, including Ni-Al LDHs, single metal Ni hydroxides, and Ni-rich silicates using WT. The results illustrate that the WT plots for α-Ni(OH)2 and Ni-Al LDHs are often indistinguishable from each other, with similar two-component plots for the different mineral types. This demonstrates that the WT of the first metal shell often cannot be used to differentiate an LDH from a single metal hydroxide. Interlayer anions adsorbed to the hydroxide sheet of α-Ni(OH)2 affect the EXAFS spectra and are not visible in the FT but are clearly resolved and discrete in the WT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6992-6999
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume121
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2017

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