Structural, dielectric and mechanical behaviors of (La, Nb) Co-doped TiO2/Silicone rubber composites

Yu Zeng, Chenhan Xiong, Jingxuan Li, Zhiyong Huang, Guoping Du, Zhaoyang Fan, Nan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ceramic/polymer composites have great potential to achieve the concomitant enhancement of both dielectric constant and breakdown field while maintaining other superior properties of the polymer matrix, ideal for elastomer sensors, actuators, capacitive energy storage, and many other applications. However, material incompatibility between the ceramic filler and the polymer matrix often leads to void formation, particle aggregation and phase separation, with significantly degraded performance. Herein, through surface modification, co-doped TiO2 particles were uniformly dispersed and bridged onto the silicone rubber matrix via a silane coupling agent for fabricating composites via mechanical mixing and hot-pressing. The synthesized composites exhibit enhanced dielectric constant, increased from 2.78 to 5.06 when 50 wt% co-doped TiO2 particles are incorporated. Their dielectric loss is less than 0.001 in a broad frequency range. Theoretical modelling and experimental results reveal that the morphology and dispersion state of co-doped TiO2 particles were crucial to the dielectric properties of the silicone rubber-based composites. Besides, the composites are thermally stable up to 400 °C. Significantly increased tensile strength (612 kPa) and elongation at break (330%) were obtained for the composite incorporated with 30 wt% co-doped TiO2 particles, accompanied by a moderate increased elastic module (540 kPa). Such composites have the potential for different applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22365-22372
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Volume47
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2021

Keywords

  • B. Composite
  • C. Dielectric properties
  • C. Mechanical properties
  • D. Co-Doped TiO

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