Stoichiometric food chain model on discrete time scale

Ming Chen, Meng Fan, Congbo Xie, Angela Peace, Hao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stoichiometry-based models can yield many new insights into producer - grazer systems. Many interesting results can be obtained from models continuous in time. There raises the question of how robust the model predictions are to time discretization. A discrete stoichiometric food-chain model is analyzed and compared with a corresponding continuous model. Theoretical and numerical results show that the discrete and continuous models have many properties in common but differences also exist. Stoichiometric impacts of producer nutritional quality also persist in the discrete system. Both types of models can exhibit qualitatively different behaviors with the same parameter sets. Discretization enlarges the parameter ranges for the existence of chaotic dynamics. Our results suggest that the stoichiometric mechanisms are robust to time discretization and the nutritional quality of the producer can have dramatic and counterintuitive impacts on population dynamics, which agrees with the existing analysis of pelagic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-118
Number of pages18
JournalMathematical Biosciences and Engineering
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • C:P ratio
  • discrete model
  • food quality
  • predator-prey system
  • stoichiometry

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