We construct models of continuous-time Markov chain (CTMC) and Itô stochastic differential equations of population interactions based on a deterministic system of two phytoplankton and one zooplankton populations. The mechanisms of mutual interference among the predator zooplankton and the avoidance of toxin-producing phytoplankton (TPP) by zooplankton are incorporated. Sudden population extinctions occur in the stochastic models that cannot be captured in the deterministic systems. In addition, the effect of periodic toxin production by TPP is lessened when the birth and death of the populations are modeled randomly.
- Continuous-Time Markov Chain
- Itô Stochastic Differential Equations
- Mutual Interference