Steers grazing blue grama rangeland throughout the growing season. II. Site and extent of digestion and microbial protein synthesis.

M. A. Funk, M. L. Galyean, M. E. Branine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of advancing forage maturity and drought-induced summer dormancy on site and extent of digestion and microbial protein synthesis in beef steers grazing native blue grama rangeland were evaluated in four sampling periods. Five steers (avg initial wt 227 kg) fitted with ruminal, duodenal and ileal cannulae and three steers cannulated at the esophagus freely grazed a 12-ha study pasture. Sampling periods lasted 11 d and started June 2, which was during the early growing season (EGS); June 22, during early summer dormancy (ESD); July 21, during late summer dormancy (LSD); and August 25, 1985, during the late growing season (LGS). Dietary N content was lower (P less than .05) in ESD and LSD than in EGS and LGS. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) content was lower (P less than .05) in EGS than in other sampling periods. Ruminal organic matter (OM) digestion was lower (P less than .05) in ESD than in EGS, probably because of increased dietary NDF and lower N content. Ruminal OM digestion was greater (P less than .05) in LSD and LGS than in ESD because of increased fiber digestion. Neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber (ADF) digestion occurring in the rumen was greater (P less than .05) in LSD and LGS than in EGS and ESD. Organic matter digestion in the small intestine and OM, NDF and ADF digestion in the hindgut were similar for all sampling periods. Over 90% of the fiber digestion occurred ruminally.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1354-1361
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1987

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