Stage of physical activity and approach-avoidance achievement goals in university students

Marc Lochbaum, Leslie Podlog, Kyle Litchfield, James Surles, Shelby Hilliard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The main purpose of the present investigation was to examine approach-avoidance achievement goal patterns across stages of physical activity participation. In addition, sex differences in the approach and avoidance goals were examined as well as goal contrast scores (i.e., approach minus avoidance) as secondary purposes. Design: The research was cross-sectional in design. Method: Participants were 804 university students who completed a questionnaire assessing their stage of physical activity, 2 × 2 achievement goals, and demographics. Results: MANOVA results revealed hypothesized and significant (p < .001) physical activity stage differences in the mastery and performance approach goals as well as significant (p's < .05) gender differences in both performance goals. A significant (p < .01) gender by physical activity stage interaction emerged for the performance goals and surprisingly, was found mainly in the advanced exercise stages (i.e., action, maintenance, and long-t
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-168
JournalDefault journal
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013


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