Phytochemical investigation of Stachys aegyptiaca resulted in the characterization of three new diterpenes (1-3) together with eleven known compounds including four neo-clerodane diterpenes and seven flavonoid aglycones. Structure elucidation was performed by spectroscopic analysis by HRFABMS, 1D and 2D NMR and X-ray. Isolated compounds were screened for anti-inflammatory activity using a lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide inhibition assay employing murine macrophage cells. Among the assayed compounds, 13 (calycopterin) showed a concentration-dependent inhibition of LPS-induced nitric oxide release with a IC50 of 62.5 μM.
- Anti-inflammatory activity
- Stachys aegyptiaca