Sport ability beliefs, 2 × 2 achievement goals, and intrinsic motivation: The moderating role of perceived competence in sport and exercise

C. K.John Wang, Woon Chia Liu, Marc R. Lochbaum, Sarah J. Stevenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined whether perceived competence moderated the relationships between implicit theories, 2 x 2 achievement goals, and intrinsic motivation for sports and physical activity. We placed 309 university students into high and moderate perceived competence groups. When perceived competence was high, entity beliefs did not predict the performance-avoidance goal; yet when perceived competence was moderately low, entity beliefs did predict this goal. The mastery-avoidance goal had no relationship with intrinsic motivation when perceived competence was high, but had a significant negative relationship when perceived competence was moderately low. Our findings highlight the importance of reexamining the role of perceived competence when studying implicit beliefs and the 2 x 2 achievement goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Approach-avoidance goal
  • Entity and incremental beliefs
  • Mastery-performance goal
  • Structural equation modeling

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