Spoilage characteristics of traditionally packaged ground beef with added lactic acid bacteria displayed at abusive temperatures

A. R. Hoyle Parks, M. M. Brashears, W. D. Woerner, J. N. Martin, L. D. Thompson, J. C. Brooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Growth of pathogenic organisms such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. can be inhibited in ground beef through the addition of certain lactic acid-producing bacteria (LAB; Lactobacillus acidophilus NP51, Lactobacillus crispatus NP35, Pediococcus acidilactici, and Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis). This study evaluated the effects of LAB inclusion on the organoleptic and biochemical properties typically associated with spoilage in traditionally packaged ground beef displayed at abusive (10°C) temperatures for 36 h. Trained and untrained panelist evaluations of lean color and off-odor, as well as instrumental color analyses, did not indicate an effect on spoilage traits due to LAB utilization (P > 0.05). However, display length affected each variable independently and was indicative of decreased stability and acceptability as display time (h) increased (P < 0.05). Thiobarbituric acid values were decreased for ground beef with added LAB (P < 0.05), but likely can be related to bacterial degradation of lipid oxidation by-products because no reduction in organoleptic traits due to oxidation was noted between treatments. Overall, LAB did not adversely influence the spoilage characteristics of traditionally packaged ground beef displayed at abusive temperatures for up to 36 h. Furthermore, biochemical and sensory indicators of spoilage were present for all treatments at the conclusion of display. Therefore, LAB can be added to ground beef in traditional packaging as a processing intervention without masking or delaying the expected spoilage characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Ground beef
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • Overwrap packaging
  • Spoilage
  • Temperature abuse

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