SPH Viscous Flow Around a Circular Cylinder: Impact of Viscous Formulation and Background Pressure

Doruk Isik, Zhaoming He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two-dimensional dynamics of the wake in transitional flow around a circular cylinder is studied using weakly compressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics scheme up to 10 cylinder diameters downstream at a Reynolds number of 4000. The main objectives of this study are to evaluate the capability of SPH-LES and artificial viscosity in capturing flow activity as well as to test the performance of these formulations and background pressure coupling against the so-called tensile instability and to understand the effect of this instability in terms of mean integral quantities, first-order statistics and frequency spectra. It is observed that the effect of viscous formulation on flow dynamics becomes significant between four-and-seven diameters downstream of the cylinder. Background pressure coupling shifts the onset of transition about two diameters upstream by creating stiffer density field; however, it results in more energetic smaller scale activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-467
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Smoothed particle hydrodynamics
  • artificial viscosity
  • background pressure
  • flow around cylinder
  • viscous flows
  • viscous formulation
  • vortex shedding

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