Speculum Examination of the Vagina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A visual vaginal examination should be completed as part of the mare breeding soundness examination. A speculum examination may also be used to confirm the stage of the mare's estrous cycle and to observe the cranial vagina for pathology such as urine pooling or varicosities. A disposable aluminum foil-covered tube speculum, a glass tube speculum or a tri-valve Polansky (Caslick) speculum may be used for the examination. This chapter summarizes step by step procedure for performing the speculum examination of the vagina with illustrations, and the equipment and supplies needed. It then outlines the necessary condition to perform speculum examination of the vagina.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEquine Reproductive Procedures
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781118904398
ISBN (Print)9780470960394
StatePublished - Aug 25 2014


  • Speculum examination
  • Vagina


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