Spectroscopic characterization of the quantum wires in titanosilicates ETS-4 and ETS-10

Bilge Yilmaz, Juliusz Warzywoda, Albert Sacco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Titanosilicates ETS-4 and ETS-10 contain octahedrally coordinated monatomic semiconductor -O-Ti-O- (titania) chains in their frameworks. Titania chains are isolated from one another by a siliceous matrix. Thus, these chains can be regarded as one-dimensional nanostructures, i.e., 'quantum wires'. Diffuse reflectance UV-vis (DR-UV-vis) spectroscopy analysis demonstrated a significant blue-shift of the optical absorption edge (>60 nm) for both ETS-4 and ETS-10 compared to bulk titania. This blue-shift is consistent with the hypothesis that the titania chains in ETS-4 and ETS-10 are acting as quantum wires. A broad range of ETS-4 and ETS-10 samples with diverse crystallo-chemical characteristics was prepared. The DR-UV-vis and Raman spectra of various ETS-4 and ETS-10 samples exhibited different characteristics, which were hypothesized to be related to the titania chain 'quality'. Detailed investigation of the spectroscopic bands associated with the titania chains in ETS-4 was performed for the first time. The 'quality' of these titania chains/quantum wires in ETS-4 and ETS-10 was correlated with the crystal growth mechanisms of these materials. Comparison of the growth mechanisms and the spectroscopic behaviour for ETS-4 and ETS-10 suggests that the control of 'quantum wire quality' via hydrothermal synthesis is possible in ETS-4 but would be difficult in ETS-10.

Original languageEnglish
Article number017
Pages (from-to)4092-4099
Number of pages8
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 28 2006


Dive into the research topics of 'Spectroscopic characterization of the quantum wires in titanosilicates ETS-4 and ETS-10'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this