Spatially resolved ground-state number densities of calcium and strontium ion in an inductively coupled plasma in contact with an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry sampling interface

Scott A. Lehn, Mao Huang, Kelly A. Warner, Gerardo Gamez, Gary M. Hieftje

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Radial profiles of Ca and Sr ion number densities in an ICP at 6, 7 and 8 mm above the load coil (ALC) and at 1.25 kW of input rf power were measured by saturated fluorescence induced by an Nd:YAG laser-pumped dye laser at 396.85 nm and 421.55 nm, respectively. The measurements were performed in the presence and in the absence of an ICP-MS sampling interface. When in place, the orifice of the sampling cone was positioned 13 mm ALC on the axis of the plasma torch. The results show that the interface can either raise or lower the ion number densities, depending on the central-gas-flow rate, and can cause a vertical shift of their entire radial profiles with respect to the ICP axis. The introduction of Li, Cu and Zn as matrix elements reduced the ion number densities of the analytes, both in the presence and in the absence of the interface. This effect became more significant at higher central-gas-flow rates. In addition, the peak value of the radial ion number density was found to depend strongly on the central-gas-flow rate maximum occurred at 1.1 l/min for both Ca ion and Sr ion under the ICP operating conditions used in this study. This behavior is very similar to the mass spectrometric signals previously observed downstream and reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1647-1662
Number of pages16
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
Volume58
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 26 2003

Keywords

  • ICP-MS sampling interface
  • Laser-induced fluorescence
  • Matrix effects

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