Social roles, basic need satisfaction, and psychological health: The central role of competence

Amelia E. Talley, Lucie Kocum, Rebecca J. Schlegel, Lisa Molix, B. Ann Bettencourt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors propose that competence need fulfillment within valued role domains (i.e., spouse, parent, worker) will account, in part, for associations between autonomy and relatedness need fulfillment and psychological health. Testing these assertions in cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys of women in two independent community samples, the findings are the first to formally examine whether the satisfaction of competence needs within social roles accounts for associations between other types of need satisfaction and affective outcomes as well as depressive symptomology. Evidence supporting the hypothesis was stronger when examining individuals' affective health as compared to their depressive symptoms. Implications of the findings are discussed with regard to need fulfillment within social roles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-173
Number of pages19
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • affect
  • competence (self-efficacy)
  • depression
  • need satisfaction
  • roles
  • self-determination theory

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