Social-Ecological Predictors of Homophobic Name-Calling Perpetration and Victimization Among Early Adolescents

Alberto Valido, Gabriel J. Merrin, Dorothy L. Espelage, Luz E. Robinson, Kyle Nickodem, Katherine M. Ingram, America J. El Sheikh, Cagil Torgal, Javari Fairclough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bias-based aggression at school in the form of homophobic name-calling is quite prevalent among early adolescents. Homophobic name-calling is associated with low academic performance, higher risky sexual behaviors, and substance abuse, among other adverse outcomes. This longitudinal study examined risk and protective factors across multiple domains of the social ecology (individual, peer, family, school and community) and levels of analysis (within- and between-person) associated with homophobic name-calling perpetration and victimization. Students from four middle schools in the U.S. Midwest (N = 1,655; (Formula presented.) age = 12.75; range = 10–16 years) were surveyed four times (Spring/Fall 2008, Spring/Fall 2009). For homophobic name-calling perpetration, significant risk factors included impulsivity, social dominance, traditional masculinity, family violence, and neighborhood violence; while empathy, peer support, school belonging, and adult support were significant protective factors. For homophobic name-calling victimization, significant risk factors included empathy (between-person), impulsivity, traditional masculinity, family violence, and neighborhood violence, while empathy (within-person), parental monitoring, peer support, school belonging, and adult support were significant protective factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • early adolescence
  • homophobic name-calling
  • longitudinal analysis
  • social ecological

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