Key message: QTL mapping of important architectural traits was successfully applied to an A-genome diploid population using gene-specific variations. Abstract: Peanut wild species are an important source of resistance to biotic and possibly abiotic stress; because these species differ from the cultigen in many traits, we have undertaken to identify QTLs for several plant architecture-related traits. In this study, we took recently identified SNPs, converted them into markers, and identified QTLs for architectural traits. SNPs from RNASeq data distinguishing two parents, A. duranensis (KSSc38901) and A. cardenasii (GKP10017), of a mapping population were identified using three references—A. duranensis V14167 genome sequence, and transcriptome sequences of A. duranensis KSSc38901 and OLin. More than 49,000 SNPs differentiated the parents, and 87.9% of the 190 SNP calls tested were validated. SNPs were then genotyped on 91 F2 lines using KASP chemistry on a Roche LightCycler 480 and a Fluidigm Biomark HD, and using SNPType chemistry on the Fluidigm Biomark HD. A linkage map was constructed having ten linkage groups, with 144 loci spanning a total map distance of 1040 cM. Comparison of the A-genome map to the A. duranensis genome sequence revealed a high degree of synteny. QTL analysis was also performed on the mapping population for important architectural traits. Fifteen definitive and 16 putative QTLs for petiole length, leaflet length and width, leaflet area, leaflet length/width ratio, main stem height, presence of flowers on the main stem, and seed mass were identified. Results demonstrate that SNPs identified from transcriptome sequencing could be converted to KASP or SNPType markers with a high success rate, and used to identify alleles with significant phenotypic effects, These could serve as information useful for introgression of alleles into cultivated peanut from wild species and have the potential to allow breeders to more easily fix these alleles using a marker-assisted backcrossing approach.
- Wild species