Smectitization as a trigger of bacterially mediated mn-fe micronodule generation in felsic glass (Livno-Tomislavgrad Paleolake, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Luka Badurina, Branimir Šegvić, Oleg Mandic, Giovanni Zanoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Miocene tuffs preserved in argillaceous sediment interbedded with lacustrine successions are commonly encountered throughout the Dinarides Lake System (DLS) in south-eastern Europe. In this contribution the volcanic glass degradation and co-genetic Mn-Fe precipitation were studied in a 14.68 Ma felsic tuff from DLS Livno-Tomislavgrad Basin. Microbial activity has been involved in both reactions thus adding the interest of revealing effects of biotic and abiotic processes taking place during tuff eogenesis. X-ray diffraction and electron microbeam analysis with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed the pitting or granular structures developed at glass rims along with smectite flakes protruding from a degrading glass. Mn-Fe mineralization emerges in the form of Mn-Fe coatings, an initial step to micronodule formation, where traces of biogenetic influence included a high content of phases rich in structural Mn (IV) (i.e., ranciéite and jacobsite) and presence of microbial microfossils. Co-genetic ties between glass degradation and Mn-Fe precipitation were established through the report of dioctahedral smectite formed out of altered glass; which then served as nuclei of the ongoing biotic and abiotic Mn-Fe mineralization. These processes manifest on a continuous involvement of microbial life in the course of eogenesis of pyroclastic material in lacustrine environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number899
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Biomineralization
  • Felsic glass alteration
  • Mn-Fe micronodules
  • Smectitization


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